A vasectomy is a permanent pregnancy prevention solution for men. Vasectomy (male sterilisation) involves closing the tubes that carry sperm from the man's testicles.
The tubes normally deliver sperm into and from a man's penis when he ejaculates. Closing the tubes means there is no sperm to fertilise the woman's egg during sex. It will not affect your ability to have an orgasm or your sex drive.
Vasectomy is a simple surgical procedure that can be done in several ways. Typically a small cut is made in the scrotum, the tubes identified and then cut or sealed.
Note: Condoms are the only contraceptive methods which also protect against sexually transmitted infections. To ensure protection from both pregnancy and infection, we recommend "dual protection". This means using a contraceptive method of your choice to prevent pregnancy in addition to a male or female condom.
How good is a vasectomy at preventing a pregnancy?
Vasectomy is an excellent way to prevent a pregnancy.
Where men cannot have their semen examined 3 months after the procedure to see if it still contains sperm, pregnancy rates are about 2 to 3 per 100 women over the first year after their partners have had a vasectomy.
Where men can have their semen examined after vasectomy, less than 1 pregnancy per 100 women over the first year after their partners have had vasectomies (2 per 1,000).
A vasectomy is not effective immediately. Another contraceptive must be used for the first three months after a vasectomy while remaining sperm are cleared beyond the area where his tubes were blocked.
What are the advantages of a vasectomy?
- A man can have a vasectomy at any time.
- It is a permanent, so you do not need to remember to use contraception again.
- It doesn’t interrupt sex or affect your sex life. A man’s sex drive after a vasectomy will be the same as before. After a vasectomy a man can still have an erection and experience an orgasm.
- A vasectomy has no physical side effects for the man, other than preventing him from getting his partner pregnant.
What are the disadvantages of a vasectomy?
- Vasectomy requires a surgical operation. Like any operation it has risks but it is very rare for something to go wrong.
- As vasectomy is permanent you should only choose vasectomy if you do not want children or have completed your family. You cannot change your mind once the operation is done.
- Vasectomy does not protect against sexually transmitted infections.
What are the possible risks / complications for this method?
- Damage to other parts of the body during the procedure